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Frequently Asked Questions.


+ Do you provide a beginners guide to wine making?

Yes! Every purchase (kits) from 23Litres includes a set up and hands on guide to walk you through the process of making your own wine. If you have any inquiries during the fermentation process you are free to contact us.

+ Is it expensive to make wine at home?

It is not expensive to make wine at home. Wine making supplies and equipment will cost around $220 - $240 for your first batch of 23 Litres. After that, each batch will cost about $140 - $160 or between $4.40 to $5 per bottle.

Yes! An individual does not require a licence to home-brew beer and other fermented liquors if the following conditions, as specified in the Customs (Home-Brewing of Fermented Liquors) (Exemption) Order, are fulfilled: - See more at:

+ What's the difference in making wine from a kit versus making wine from fresh grapes?

Kits use grape concentrate which make them very easy to use, and they are by far the best way for a beginner to learn winemaking. So easy in fact that if you follow the directions, they're almost fool-proof. A concentrate kit will generally be ready to drink sooner, and there's no choosing, crushing and pressing of grapes. As well, for many people, space is an issue, and making wine from a concentrate requires very little.

+ What is the basic process to making wine?

The process for making wine is much easier than most people think. When yeast converts sugar in fruit to carbon dioxide and alcohol, the CO2 escapes into the air and what's left is wine.

+ How long does the settling or clearing process work?

Filtration can take as little as an hour. Various clarifying chemicals may take from one to three days

+ Is it necessary to filter wine?

It is not necessary to filter wine, you can use finings to clarify the wine but this takes a fair amount of time.

+ What are finings?

Finings, usually bentonite, gelatin or isinglas, are natural agents that are added to wine to accelerate the settling or clearing process. The wine is then racked, that is, siphoned from one container to another, leaving the sediment and fining agent behind.

+ I get headaches from my wine. Why?

You may have a sulphite allergy. If this is the case beer and wine will give you headaches. If only red wine gives you headaches then you may be allergic to the tannins found in the grape skins. White wines are made from the meat of the grape; red wines are made from the meat of the grape and the skins.

+ Do I need special water to make wine?

Singapore water is generally good for wine making. Do not use distilled water! Yeast require certain minerals to work their magic efficiently – distilled water has none.

+ What is the single biggest reason home-made wine doesn't turn out right?

One of the most important parts of wine making is cleanliness and sanitisation. It is essential that anything that touches the wine be sanitised before use. (This includes your hands!). Many wines do not turn out properly because they are contaminated with a wild yeast or bacteria.

+ How do I determine the alcohol content?

You need a hydrometer to determine the alcohol content of the wine. A measurement of density must be taken before fermentation and then after fermentation and then difference divided by 7.36. For example, 1080 - 995 = 85/7.36 = 11.55 % alcohol by volume. Our wines are usually around 11%- 14% of alcohol content.

+ Can I use a dishwasher to clean/sterilize my bottles at home?

No. We do not recommend dishwasher cleaning or sanitising. Placing the bottles upside down in the dishwasher will not guarantee sufficient water/detergent inside the bottle to thoroughly clean the bottle. The easiest way to clean your bottles is to rinse them immediately after emptying the bottle, and place upside down in the sink to allow drainage. This does not allow the wine to settle in the bottom, which makes future cleaning very difficult.